Chung Yung (‘Central Norm’, often referred to as ‘The Doctrine of the Mean’). A work attributed to Tzu Ssu, Confucius' grandson (5th cent. BCE), but more probably a compilation of two or more works, being extracted from Li Chi. It advocates the discernment of a basic norm of human action which, if then put into effect, will bring life into harmony with the process of the universe. This requires a life controlled by chʾeng, sincerity, genuineness, and integrity. In this way, the natural order embraces both cosmos and ethical life; and those who live accordingly experience a mystical union between heaven and earth.
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