Skip to main content

Chang Lu

Chang Lu. One of the secondary founder members, in the 2nd/3rd cent. CE, of the Taoist movement, wu-tou-mi tao. With the help of Chang Hsiu (whom he then removed), he established a strictly governed religious state in N. Szechwan. He took further the organization of the ‘Celestial Master's Way’, introducing the tao-shih (often translated as ‘the Taoist priest’), with a local temple and a hierarchy leading up to the Tʾien-shih. The ‘five pecks of rice’ was also extended into a more extensive system of fees, enabling the pervasive presence of the tao-shih in Chinese society—and the survival of religious Taoism in this form down to the present, at least in Taiwan.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Chang Lu." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Chang Lu." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/chang-lu

"Chang Lu." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved October 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/chang-lu

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.