Despite the extreme vitality and diversity of African-American religion, H. A. Baer and M. Singer (African-American Religion in the 20th Century, 1992) have suggested that African-American religion falls into four broad types: (i) messianic-nationalist (cf. MESSIAH); (ii) thaumaturgic; (iii) conversionist; (iv) mainstream. In addition, it is clear that all types are united by a profound involvement in the religious possibilities of music and dance. R. F. Thompson (Flash of the Spirit, 1983) has singled out as recurrently characteristic the dominance of a percussive style, propensity for multiple metre, overlapping call and response, inner pulse control, suspended accentuation patterning, and songs and dances with social allusion.
"African-American religion." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 13, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/african-american-religion
"African-American religion." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved August 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/african-american-religion