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Pittacus (pĬt´əkəs), c.650–c.570 BC, Greek statesman and military leader; one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece. He helped to overthrow the tyrant of Mytilene in Lesbos and became the lawgiver there, ruling for 10 years. A moderate democrat, Pittacus prevented the nobles in exile (among them Alcaeus) from returning.