Skip to main content

Bildt, Carl

Carl Bildt (bēlt), 1949–, Swedish political leader. Born into a prominent family, he was elected to parliament in 1979 as a member of the conservative Moderate party, serving there until 2001. Party leader from 1986 to 1999, he became prime minister in 1991, at the head of a center-right coalition government. His tenure (1991–94) was marked by pro-free-market policies and other reforms aimed at improving Sweden's competitiveness and liberalizing its economy and by the modernization of Sweden's welfare system. Bildt was a key figure in the negotiations that led to Sweden's joining (1995) the European Union (EU). He also served as co-chair of the Dayton peace talks in the mid-1990s, as the EU's High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995–97), and as the UN secretary-general's special envoy to the Balkans (1999–2001). He returned to Sweden's government as Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt's foreign minister (2006–14). He has written several books, among them Peace Journey: The Struggle for Peace in Bosnia (1999).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bildt, Carl." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 22 Feb. 2018 <>.

"Bildt, Carl." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (February 22, 2018).

"Bildt, Carl." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved February 22, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.