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Bharatpur (bərŭt´pŏŏr), city (1991 pop. 156,880), Rajasthan state, N central India. It is a district administrative center and agricultural market. The city is noted for products fashioned from ivory and sandalwood. Important industries include railway workshops, metalworks, automobile factories, and oil mills. The city is thought to have been founded in 1733 and named after Bharat, a figure in Hindu mythology. The British captured Bharatpur in 1826.