Dámaso Alonso (dä´mäsō älōn´sō), 1898–1990, Spanish philologist, lyric poet, and literary critic, b. Madrid. He is known for his literary sensitivity and the precision and rigor of his critical approach. His critical works include La lengua poética de Góngora [the poetic language of Góngora] (1935) and Ensayos sobre poesía española [essays on Spanish poetry] (1944). Among his volumes of poetry are El viento y el verso [wind and verse] (1925) and Hijos de la ira (1944; tr. Children of Wrath, 1970).