Skip to main content

Erythrophobia (Fear of Blushing)

ERYTHROPHOBIA (FEAR OF BLUSHING)

Erythrophobia or ereuthrophobia describes a pathological fear of blushing in public. In the Minutes of the Psychoanalytical Society of Vienna (Nunberg and Federn, 1962-75) the session of February 3, 1909, was devoted to "A case of compulsive blushing" presented by Alfred Adler in the presence of Freud, Paul Federn, Max Graf, Edouard Hitschmann, Albert Joachim, Otto Rank, Isidor Sadger, and Fritz Wittels.

According to Freud, we cannot classify this state among the sexual neuroses because it is situated somewhere between anxiety hysteria and paranoia. These two assertions are to be found in the comments he made after Adler's conference: "Erythrophobia consists of being ashamed for unconscious reasons [. . .]. The first thing these patients were ashamed of was usually masturbation; more generally, the secret of their precocious knowledge with regard to sexuality." And: "Neuroses cannot be expressed with a single current but only by a pair of opposites which are shame and rage in this case. Only the coexistence of these active and passive current explains the case of erythrophobia: it is the meeting of these two currents that produces the attack."

Ernest Jones, for his part, distinguished between "ereuthrophobia," the fear of blushing, and "erythrophobia" or fear of the color red (1913).

Bernard Golse

See also: Phobias in children; Phobic neurosis.

Bibliography

Jones, Ernest. (1913). Pathology of morbid anxiety. Papers on Psychoanalysis. London: Bailliere, Tindall & Cox, 1918.

Nunberg, Hermann; and Federn, Ernst. (1962-75). Minutes of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. New York: International Universities Press.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Erythrophobia (Fear of Blushing)." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Erythrophobia (Fear of Blushing)." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/psychology/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/erythrophobia-fear-blushing

"Erythrophobia (Fear of Blushing)." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Retrieved October 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/psychology/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/erythrophobia-fear-blushing

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.