Robinson-Patman Act 49 Stat. 1526 (1936)
ROBINSON-PATMAN ACT 49 Stat. 1526 (1936)
The rapid growth of chain stores during the Depression effectively bypassed the price discrimination prohibitions of the clayton act by altering the basic lines of competition which that act addressed. Shortly after the Supreme Court invalidated the national industrial recovery act's codes of fair competition (beginning in schechter poultry corporation v. united states, 1935), Representative Wright Patman introduced a corrective bill into the House designed to regulate chain stores' use of economies of scale. As finally passed, the act amended section 2 of the Clayton Act. Although one section of the new act allowed price discrimination made "in good faith" to match a competitor's price, the act generally outlawed discrimination that "substantially lessened" competition or tended to create a monopoly. Other provisions prohibited the taking or making of allowances or commissions to buyers if not made proportionally. Buyers were also forbidden from "knowingly receiving" or inducing any discrimination. Although the act provided for suits by the Department of Justice and private individuals, the burden of enforcement fell on the federal trade commission. By tightening and narrowing section 2 of the Clayton Act, this legislation protected smaller firms by reducing the competitive advantages of large chains.
Hansen, Hugh C. 1983 Robinson Patman Law: A Review and Analysis. Fordham Law Review 51:1113.
"Robinson-Patman Act 49 Stat. 1526 (1936)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 25, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/robinson-patman-act-49-stat-1526-1936
"Robinson-Patman Act 49 Stat. 1526 (1936)." Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. . Retrieved April 25, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/robinson-patman-act-49-stat-1526-1936
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.