Grossman, Ex Parte 267 U.S. 87 (1925)
GROSSMAN, EX PARTE 267 U.S. 87 (1925)
This opinion, elucidating the scope of the pardoning power, declared executive discretion absolute in the matter. The President had commuted Grossman's sentence, but a court ordered him reimprisoned to serve a sentence for contempt. The Supreme Court, recurring to history, rejected arguments that extension of the pardoning power to criminal contempts would violate judicial independence or the separation of powers : "Whoever is to make [the pardoning power] useful must have full discretion to exercise it."