LINGUAL

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LINGUAL.
1. Relating to the TONGUE, as with a lingual protrusion lisp, a lisp caused by the tongue coming forward too far.

2. In PHONETICS, formed by (especially the tip of) the tongue, as with the consonants /d, t, n/; a lingual sound.

3. Relating to LANGUAGES: lingual skills. The simple adjective is rare in this sense, but the combining form -lingual is common, as in bi-, tri-, and quadrilingual able to use two, three, and four languages respectively. There are two terms for ‘able to use (only) one language’: the commoner monolingual (a hybrid form using GREEK-derived mono- sole) and the etymologically more consistent unilingual (using LATIN-derived un- one). The latter is common in CanE, under the influence of FRENCH unilingue. Compare -GLOT. See BILINGUALISM, MULTILINGUALISM.

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lin·gual / ˈlinggwəl/ • adj. technical 1. of or relating to the tongue. ∎ Phonet. (of a sound) formed by the tongue. ∎ Anat. near or on the side toward the tongue. 2. of or relating to speech or language: his demonstrations of lingual dexterity. • n. Phonet. a lingual sound. DERIVATIVES: lin·gual·ly adv.

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lingual •Ethel • lethal • brothel • betrothal •Cavell, cavil, gavel, gravel, ravel, travel •Havel, larval, marvel, Marvell, rondavel •bedevil, bevel, devil, dishevel, kevel, level, revel, split-level •daredevil • she-devil • eye level •naval, navel •coeval, evil, Khedival, medieval, primeval, retrieval, shrieval, upheaval •civil, drivel, shrivel, snivel, swivel •carnival • Percival • perspectival •festival • aestival (US estival) •adjectival, arrival, deprival, genitival, imperatival, infinitival, outrival, relatival, revival, rival, substantival, survival •archival •grovel, hovel, novel •oval •approval, removal •Lovell, shovel •interval • serval • narwhal •coequal, equal, prequel, sequel •bilingual, lingual, monolingual, multilingual •rorqual • Hywel •Daniel, spaniel

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lingual (ling-wăl) adj. relating to, situated close to, or resembling the tongue (lingua).

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lingual Of the tongue.