oxford views updated May 17 2018
pine·ap·ple / ˈpīˌnapəl/ •
n. 1. a large juicy tropical fruit consisting of aromatic edible yellow flesh surrounded by a tough segmented skin and topped with a tuft of stiff leaves. 2. the widely cultivated tropical American plant (Ananas comosus, family Bromeliaceae) that bears this fruit. It is low-growing, with a spiral of spiny sword-shaped leaves on a thick stem. 3. inf. a hand grenade.
oxford views updated May 23 2018
Tropical, herbaceous, perennial plant, cultivated in the USA, South America
, Africa and Australia
; also the fruit of the plant. The fruit is formed from the flowers and bracts and grows on top of a short, stout stem bearing stiff, fleshy leaves. The fruit is eaten fresh, tinned, or made into juice. Height: to 1.2m (4ft). Family Bromeliaceae; species Ananas comosus.
oxford views updated May 18 2018
Fruit of the tropical plant Ananas sativus
, one of the bromeliad family. The fruit contains the proteolytic enzyme
bromelain, which has been used (like papain
) to tenderize meat. A 100‐g portion is a rich source
of vitamin C; a source of copper; provides 0.8 g of dietary fibre; supplies 30 kcal (125 kJ).
oxford views updated Jun 27 2018
Ananas (family Bromeliaceae)
A genus of plants in which the stem is short and leafy, trapping water in the overlapping leaf bases. Inflorescences
are terminal, forming a compound
structure in the fruit beyond which there develops a tuft of leaves. The pineapple is A. comosus
. There are 8 species of terrestrial, tropical American habitats.