Pine Tree Shilling
PINE TREE SHILLING
PINE TREE SHILLING. In response to the dearth of hard currency, Massachusetts established a mint in June 1652. The following year, it issued a crude silver coin about the size of a modern half-dollar but weighing only one-third as much. On the obverse, between two beaded circles, was MASATHVSETS IN.; within the inner circle was a pine tree, from which the coin got its name. On the reverse was NEWENGLAND. AN. DOM. between two beaded circles and 1652, XII, within the inner one. The Roman numerals indicated the number of pence in a shilling. The mint closed in 1684.
McCusker, John J. Money and Exchange in Europe and America, 1600–1775: A Handbook. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1978.
Newman, Eric P., and Richard G. Doty, eds. Studies on Money in Early America. New York: American Numismatic Society, 1976.
Thomas L.Harris/a. r.
"Pine Tree Shilling." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 14, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pine-tree-shilling
"Pine Tree Shilling." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved August 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/pine-tree-shilling
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.