Pineda, Juan de

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Biblical scholar; b. Seville, 1558; d. there, Jan. 27, 1637. He became a Jesuit in 1572, taught philosophy at Granada for three years and at Seville for two years, and taught Scripture at Cordova, Seville (where he was also rector), and Madrid for 18 years. As a member of the staff of the Spanish inquisition, he edited, with P. Daza, the Spanish Index librorum prohibitorum (Madrid 161214; 2d ed. 1632). But his fame rests chiefly on his Biblical studies. Because of his wide knowledge of languages and history, his exegetical works had genuine scientific value for their time, though they are now outmoded. Chief among these are his commentaries on Job (2 v., Madrid 15971601), the Canticle of Canticles (Seville 1602), and Ecclesiastes (Seville 1619). Also very popular in its day was his Salomon praevius (Lyons 1609, Mainz 1613), a study of the reign of King Solomon.

Bibliography: c. sommervogel et. al., Bibliothèque de la Compagnie de Jésus (Brussels-Paris 18901932) 6:796801. h. hurter, Nomenclator literarius theologiae catholicae (Innsbruck 190313) 3:770772. a. astrain, Historia de la Compañíá de Jesús, 7 v. (Madrid 190225) 4:5253, 234, 796.

[l. f. hartman]