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jute

jute (jōōt), name for any plant of the genus Corchorus, tropical annuals of the family Tiliaceae (linden family), and for its fiber. Many species yield fiber, but the chief sources of commercial jute are two Indian species (C. capsularis and C. olitorius), grown primarily in the Ganges and Brahmaputra valleys. Although jute adapts well to loamy soil in any hot and humid region, cultivation and harvesting require abundant cheap labor, and India remains the unrivaled world producer as well as the chief fiber processor. Kolkata (Calcutta) is the main center. Europe and the United States import large quantities of jute fiber and cloth; Dundee, Scotland, is also a major jute-textile manufacturer. The fiber strands in the bark are 6 to 10 ft long (2–3 m) and are separated from the woody stalk centers by retting. The fiber deteriorates quickly and, because of its uneven diameter and comparatively low cellulose content, is relatively weak. However, because of its low cost and the ease of dyeing and spinning, jute is the principal coarse fiber in commercial production and use. About 90% is spun into yarn for fabrics; the better qualities supply burlap and the poorer grades are used for baling and sacking (e.g., gunny sacks). It is also used for twine, rope, carpet and linoleum backing, and insulation. The discarded lower ends, called jute butts, are used for paper manufacture. The plant, cultivated in India from remote times, has been known to Western commerce only since about 1830. Jute is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Malvales, family Tiliaceae.

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jute

jute / joōt/ • n. 1. rough fiber made from the stems of a tropical Old World plant, used for making twine and rope or woven into sacking or matting. 2. the herbaceous plant that is cultivated for this fiber, with edible young shoots. • Genus Corchorus, family Tiliaceae: several species, in particular C. capsularis of China and C. olitorius of India. ∎  used in names of other plants that yield fiber, e.g., Chinese jute.

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jute

jute The common name given to 2 species of Corchorus (family Tiliaceae) and the fibre derived from their bark. The fibre is used in the manufacture of fabrics for industrial and agricultural bags, canvas, and strong cordage. When compared with other similar fibrous raw materials, its consumption is second only to cotton and it is favoured because of its low cost.

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Jute

Jute / joōt/ • n. a member of a Germanic people that may have come from Jutland and, according to the Venerable Bede, joined the Angles and Saxons in invading Britain in the 5th century, settling in a region including Kent and the Isle of Wight. DERIVATIVES: Jut·ish adj.

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jute

jute Natural plant fibre obtained from Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, both native to India. The plants grow up to 4.6m (15ft) tall. The fibre is obtained from the bark by soaking (retting) and beating. Jute is used to make sacking, twine, and rope. Family Tileaceae.

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Jute

Jute a member of a Germanic people that (according to Bede) joined the Angles and Saxons in invading Britain in the 5th century, settling in a region including Kent and the Isle of Wight. They may have come from Jutland.

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jute

jute fibre from the bark of Indian trees (genus Corchorus) used for sacking, etc. XVIII. —Bengali jhō⃛o, jhu⃛o.

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jute

juteacute, argute, astute, beaut, Beirut, boot, bruit, brut, brute, Bute, butte, Canute, cheroot, chute, commute, compute, confute, coot, cute, depute, dilute, dispute, flute, fruit, galoot, hoot, impute, jute, loot, lute, minute, moot, mute, newt, outshoot, permute, pollute, pursuit, recruit, refute, repute, root, route, salute, Salyut, scoot, shoot, Shute, sloot, snoot, subacute, suit, telecommute, Tonton Macoute, toot, transmute, undershoot, uproot, Ute, volute •Paiute • jackboot • freeboot • top boot •snow boot • gumboot • marabout •statute • bandicoot • Hakluyt •archlute • absolute • dissolute •irresolute, resolute •jackfruit • passion fruit • breadfruit •grapefruit • snakeroot • beetroot •arrowroot • autoroute

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