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cypress

cy·press / ˈsīprəs/ • n. (also cypress tree) an evergreen coniferous tree with small, rounded, woody cones and flattened shoots bearing small, scalelike leaves. • Cupressus, Chamaecyparis, and other genera, family Cupressaceae: many species, including the columnar Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), common throughout southern Europe. See also Lawson cypress. ∎  a tree of this type, or branches from it, as a symbol of mourning. ∎  used in names of similar coniferous trees of other families, e.g., bald cypress.

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cypress

cypress Tall, evergreen tree native to North America and Eurasia, and growing best in warmer climates. It has scale-like leaves, roundish cones and a distinctive symmetrical shape. The wood is durable and fragrant and is of value commercially. Height: 6–24m (20–80ft). Family Cupressaceae; genus Cupressus. There are c.20 species.

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Cypress (city, United States)

Cypress (sī´prəs), city (1990 pop. 42,655), Orange co., S Calif. near Long Beach; inc. 1956. Forest Lawn–Cypress, a branch of the famous cemetery in Glendale, Calif., is a major employer, and there is light manufacturing. Los Alamitos Naval Air Station and the Los Alamitos Racetrack are nearby.

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cypress (in botany)

cypress, common name for members of the Cupressaceae, a widely distributed family of coniferous shrubs and trees, several yielding valuable timber. The major genera are Juniperus (juniper), Thuja (arborvitae), and Cupressus (the true cypresses). Species of the latter, found in S Europe, East Asia, and W North America, are resinous evergreens with a fragrant, durable wood and scalelike leaves. The Monterey cypress (C. macrocarpa) is native to a limited region around the Bay of Monterey, Calif., but is cultivated in many parts of the world. It is sometimes planted as a hedge. The cypress of classical literature is the European C. sempervirens or Italian cypress. It has since early times been symbolic of mourning and, more recently, of immortality. The gates of St. Peter's at Rome, which stood for 1,100 years, were made of its wood. The funereal, or mourning, cypress (C. funebris) of China, with "weeping" branches, is a popular ornamental elsewhere. American trees of the genus Chamaecyparis of the same family are also called cypresses. Important as timber trees are the Lawson cypress, or Port Orford cedar (C. lawsoniana), and the Nootka, Sitka, or Alaska yellow cypress (C. nootkatensis), both of NW North America. C. thyoides, called white cedar in E North America, is a smaller tree also used for lumber. The lumber called cypress in the S United States is chiefly from trees of the family Taxodiaceae (bald cypress family). The true cypress family is classified in the division Pinophyta, class Pinopsida, order Coniferales.

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cypress

cypress dark-foliaged coniferous tree. XIII. ME. cipres (assim. later to L.) — OF. cipres (mod. cyprès) — late L. cypressus — Gr. kupárissos.

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cypress

cypress
1. See CUPRESSACEAE and CUPRESSUS.

2. (swamp cypress) See ACTINOSTROBUS.

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cypress

cypress this evergreen coniferous tree is traditionally a symbol of mourning.

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cypress

cypressarris, Clarice, Harries, Harris, Paris •mattress • actress • benefactress •Polaris • enchantress •derris, Nerys, terrace •Emrys • empress •directress, Electress •temptress • sempstress •Apollinaris, heiress •waitress • seamstress • ex libris •headmistress, mistress •housemistress • toastmistress •schoolmistress • ancestress •dentifrice •iris, Osiristigress, Tigris •cypress •Boris, doch-an-dorris, Doris, Horace, Maurice, Norris, orris •cantoris, Dolores, loris •laundress • fortress • jointress •hubris • buttress •conductress, instructress, seductress •huntress • peeress • Beatrice •arbitress • berberis • anchoress •ephemeris • ambassadress •adventuress • clitoris • authoress •avarice

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Cypress

CYPRESS

CYPRESS , the tree Cupressus sempervirens of which two varieties are known, the horizontal Cupressus sempervirens horizontalis and the vertical Cupressus sempervirens pyramidalis. The former grows wild in the high mountains of Gilead and the slopes of Lebanon. Scholars differ as to the biblical name for the cypress. In modern Hebrew it is identified with berosh, but the identification appears to be erroneous since the biblical berosh has been identified with the *juniper. It is almost certain that both the gopher and te'ashur of the Bible are the cypress. (1) Gopher: It was from this wood that Noah was commanded to build the ark (Gen. 6:14). Of all the suggestions put forward to identify this tree, the cypress seems the most likely, and its Greek name κοπάρισος appears to be related to the Semitic gopher. The wood is proofed against rot and is suitable for the building of seaworthy craft. Ships in ancient times were constructed mainly of cypress. (2) Te'ashur (av "*box tree") is mentioned by Isaiah among the trees that will blossom on the way of the redeemed in the wilderness (Isa 41:19), and will be employed in the construction of the Temple (ibid. 60:13). Ezekiel, describing the ships of the Tyrians, states that they were made of bat-ashurim from the isles of the Kittites (Ezek. 27:6). Both Rashi (basing himself on the Targum) and Kimḥi read it as one word preceded by a preposition bite'ashurim ("with cypress wood brought from the island of Cyprus"). The cypress grows on that island, and some are of the opinion that the name of this island is actually derived from it. Te'ashur is apparently derived from "yashar" ("upright") because of the erect nature of the C.s. pyramydalis. The horizontal species resembles the cedar, and it would appear that the references in rabbinical literature to cedars growing in Israel are to the horizontal cypress. The cypress is not indigenous to Israel but is grown as an ornamental tree and as a windbreak in orchards. It is also planted in pine forests. The picturesque mixture of pine and cypress can be found in the forest at Sha'ar ha-Gai and at Ein Karem near Jerusalem.

bibliography:

Loew, Flora, 3 (1924), 26–33; J. Feliks, Olam ha-Ẓome'aḥ ha-Mikra'i (19682), 84–87.

[Jehuda Feliks]

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