Skip to main content

Cyprinidae

Cyprinidae (carp, minnow; superorder Ostariophysi, order Cypriniformes) In terms of numbers of species, by far the largest family of fish. It comprises freshwater fish that typically have a fairly elongate body, a single dorsal fin without true spines, a forked tail fin, ventral fins in the abdominal position, and no teeth on the jaws (although pharyngeal teeth may be present). Cyprinidae range in size from Rasbora maculata (dwarf rasbora), measuring 3 cm, to Barbus tor (mahseer), which reaches a length of 1.6 m. Many cyprinids are herbivorous, feeding on plants or algae. Many are also of considerable commercial importance as food fish (e.g. carp) or hobby fish (e.g. goldfish). Tinca tinca (tench) and Rutilus rutilus (roach), of Europe, are popular with anglers. The culture of Cyprinus carpio (carp) in ponds was established in parts of Europe and Asia several centuries ago. Many species are very popular with aquarium hobbyists. There are about 1600 species, occurring worldwide, but absent from S. and Central America, Madagascar, Australia, New Guinea, and New Zealand.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Cyprinidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Cyprinidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cyprinidae

"Cyprinidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved August 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/cyprinidae

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.