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carob

carob (kăr´əb), leguminous evergreen tree (Ceratonia siliqua) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), native to Mediterranean regions but cultivated in other warm climates, including Florida and California. The large red pods have been used for food for animal and man since prehistoric times. The pods and their extracted content have numerous common names, e.g., locust bean gum and St.-John's-bread—the latter from the belief that they may have been the "locust" eaten by John the Baptist in the wilderness (Mark 1.6). Carob is used also for curing tobacco, in papermaking, and as a stabilizer in food products. It has been claimed that the seeds were the original of the carat, the measure of weight for precious jewels and metals. Carob is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

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carob

car·ob / ˈkarəb/ • n. 1. a powder extracted from the carob bean, used as a substitute for chocolate. 2. (also carob tree) a leguminous Arabian evergreen tree (Ceratonia siliqua) that bears long brownish-purple edible pods. Also called locust tree. ∎  (also carob bean) the edible pod of this tree. Also called locust bean.

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carob

carob Seeds and pod of the tree Ceratonia siliqua, also known as locust bean and St John's bread. It contains a sweet pulp which is rich in sugar and gums, as well as containing 21% protein and 1.5% fat. It is used as animal feed, to make confectionery (as a substitute for chocolate), and is used for the preparation of carob gum.

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carob

carob Plant of the e Mediterranean. It belongs to the pea family (Fabaceae/Leguminosae) and bears leguminous fruits. These long juicy pods are a foodstuff. Its seeds are used as a substitute for coffee beans. Species Ceratonia siliqua.

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carob

carob (fruit of) the leguminous tree Ceratonia siliqua. XVI. — F. †car(r)obe (mod. caroube), superseding OF. carouge :- medL. carrūbia, -ium — Arab. ḵarrūba.

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carob

carob See locust (2).

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carob

carob •Jacob •Arab, carob, scarab, Shatt al-Arab •cherub

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