Skip to main content

Caro, Miguel Antonio (1843–1909)

Caro, Miguel Antonio (1843–1909)

Miguel Antonio Caro (b. 10 November 1843; d. 5 August 1909), Colombian president (1894–1898). Miguel Antonio Caro lived his entire life in the area of Bogotá, where he was born, and was a staunch defender of traditional Catholic and Hispanic values. A professor of Latin at the Universidad Nacional and expert in Spanish grammar and linguistics, Caro achieved distinction as a scholar (collaborating with Rufino José Cuervo) but is chiefly remembered as one of the architects of the regeneration that put an end to Liberal hegemony in Colombia. He was the principal author of the centralist, proclerical Constitution of 1886. As a "Nationalist" Conservative he became vice president under Rafael Núñez in 1892 but in reality was acting president, completing the term (1894–1898) after Núñez's death. His doctrinaire rigidity alienated both Liberals and the "Historical" faction of Conservatives, thus contributing to the outbreak of the War of the Thousand Days that began shortly after he left the presidency.

See alsoColombia, Constitutions: Overview; War of the Thousand Days.


Guillermo Torres García, Miguel Antonio Caro, su personalidad política (1956).

Jaime Jaramillo Uribe, El pensamiento colombiano en el siglo Xix (1964), chap. 19.

Charles W. Bergquist, Coffee and Conflict in Colombia, 1886–1910 (1978), pp. 42-47 and passim.

Additional Bibliography

Sierra Mejía, Rubén. Miguel Antonio Caro y la cultura de su época. Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Bogotá, 2002.

Valderrama Andrade, Carlos. Miguel Antonio Caro y la regeneración: Apuntes y documentos para la comprensión de una época. Santafé de Bogotá: Instituto Caro y Cuervo, 1997.

                                   David Bushnell

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Caro, Miguel Antonio (1843–1909)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 19 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Caro, Miguel Antonio (1843–1909)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (January 19, 2019).

"Caro, Miguel Antonio (1843–1909)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.