A class of predominantly unicellular, flagellated algae
(sometimes regarded as protozoa, class Phytomastigophora
) in which there are two smooth (whiplash-type) flagella, and a structure called a haptonema: a filamentous appendage which may be short, or long and whip-like, and which is believed to function mainly in attaching the organism to a solid surface. Species are predominantly marine, often forming a major component of the phytoplankton
in some regions. Many species have a cell covering of many small scales; in some species these scales are impregnated with calcium carbonate and are known as coccoliths
Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.
Learn more about citation styles
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.