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tilefish

tilefish, common name for a superior and brilliantly colored food fish of temperate and tropical waters, marked by fleshy flaps on the top of the head and at the corners of the mouth. It is a bottom feeder reaching 3 ft (91 cm) in length and 35 lb (15.8 kg) in weight. Since it thrives only at depths of 50 to 100 fathoms (300–600 ft/91–182 m) and temperatures of about 50°F (10°C), it is thought that the curious and dramatic fluctuations in its abundance are caused by shifting currents of varying temperatures. The common Atlantic tilefish is the great northern tilefish, or golden tilefish, Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps, the largest tilefish. Tilefishes are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Malacanthidae.

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Malacanthidae

Malacanthidae (tilefish; subclass Actinopterygii, order Perciformes) A family of marine fish, known formerly as Branchiostegidae, found mainly in tropical and temperate waters. The rather elongate body possesses long dorsal and anal fins and a truncate tail fin, the pelvic fins being located under the pectorals. Although many species are less than 40 cm long, Caulolatilus princeps (ocean whitefish) of the eastern Pacific reaches a length of more than one metre. There are about 24 species.

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tilefish

tilefish See MALACANTHIDAE.

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