YUKONYukon Legislative Assembly
The Fentie Administration - Yukon
Legislatures Since 1909 - Yukon
List of Members - Yukon
List of Constituencies - Yukon
Biographies - Yukon
Principal Officials of the Legislative Assembly - Yukon
General Election - 2002: Yukon
Previous General Elections - Yukon
Standing of Parties - Yukon
Confederation Date / Fit son entrée dans la Confédération
Area / Superficie
Land / Terre - 478,970 sq.km/km2
Water / Eau - 4,480 sq.km/km2
Total - 483,450 sq.km/km2
(Census / Recensement): 1901 - 27,000; 1911 - 9,000; 1921 - 4,000; 1931 - 4,200; 1941 - 5,000; 1951 - 9,100; 1956 - 12,200; 1961 - 14,600; 1966 - 14,400; 1971 - 18,400; 1976 - 21,800; 1981 - 23,200; 1986 - 23,500; 1991 - 27,797; 1994 - 31,197; 1996 - 33,911; 1997 - 33,930; 1998 - 31,768;
1999 - 30,896; 2001 - 30,418; (Estimate/Estimation 2004) - 31,209
Capital / Capitale
Major Centres / Centres principaux (2001)
Whitehorse: 22,545 Dawson City: 1,857 Watson Lake: 1,593 Haines Junction: 777 Faro: 388
Yukon (river, Canada and the United States)
Yukon (yōō´kŏn), river, c.2,000 mi (3,220 km) long, rising in Atlin Lake, NW British Columbia, Canada, and receiving numerous headwater streams; one of the longest rivers of North America. It flows generally northwest, into Yukon past Dawson and across the Alaska border, to Fort Yukon, thence generally southwest through central Alaska until, in a wide swing north, it enters Norton Sound of the Bering Sea through a delta that is 60 mi (97 km) wide. Its chief tributaries are the Teslin, Pelly, White, Stewart, Porcupine, Tanana, and Koyukuk rivers. The river is incised in the Yukon Plateau; marshy land borders much of its upper course. The Yukon is navigable for river boats three months of the year to Whitehorse, c.1,775 mi (2,860 km) upstream.
The Yukon basin is one of the most sparsely populated and least developed regions of North America. Much of its history, exploration, and development centers on the river system. Its lower reaches were explored (1836–37, 1843) by Russians, and in 1843 Robert Campbell of the Hudson's Bay Company explored the upper course. During the Klondike gold rush (1897–98) the Yukon was a major route to the gold fields. Greater development of the basin occurred in the mid-1900s due to its strategic location, and several military installations were later built.
The Yukon River is a major salmon-spawning ground, and salmon fishing is an important seasonal activity. The Yukon is used to generate hydroelectricity, but it remains one of the greatest undeveloped hydroelectric resources in North America. On the river's banks are fur-trading posts, missions, native villages, and towns with modern airports serving vast areas.