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Salerno

Salerno (sälār´nō), city (1991 pop. 148,932), capital of Salerno prov., Campania, S Italy, on the Gulf of Salerno, an inlet of the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is an agricultural, commercial, and industrial center. Manufactures include machinery, textiles, construction materials, and processed food. Originally a Greek settlement and later a Roman colony (founded 197 BC), Salerno became (6th cent.) a part of the duchy of Benevento and in the 9th cent. the seat of an independent principality, which fell to Robert Guiscard in 1076. In Sept., 1943, there was fierce fighting on the beaches near Salerno between the Allied landing forces and the Germans, who were pressed to retreat toward Naples. Of note in Salerno is the Sicilian-Norman cathedral (11th cent; redone in the 18th cent.), with the tomb of Pope Gregory VII and an impressive 12th-century pulpit. The famous medical school of Salerno (founded in the 9th cent., closed in the early 19th cent.) is believed to have been the first of its kind and reached its height in the 12th cent.

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Salerno

SALERNO

SALERNO. The Allied invasion of Salerno came the morning after the Italian government of Marshal Pietro Badoglio surrendered to the Allies. On 9 September 1943 the Germans assaulted an amphibious landing of the Fifth U.S. Army led by Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark from the high ground ringing the shore. Another German attack on 13–14 September came close to reaching the beaches and splitting the British and American components at the Sele River. The arrival of reinforcements, air strikes, and naval gunfire support turned the tide for the Allies. On 20 September, German Field Marshal Albert Kesselring withdrew slowly to the north. On 1 October Allied troops entered Naples.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Blumenson, Martin. Salerno to Cassino. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Chief of Military History, U.S. Army, 1969.

Morris, Eric. Salerno: A Military Fiasco. London: Stein and Day, 1983.

MartinBlumenson/a. r.

See alsoAnzio ; Gustav Line ; Monte Cassino ; World War II .

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Salerno

Salerno a port on the west coast of Italy, which was formerly the site of a famous medical school.

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Salerno

SalernoMano, piano •Arno, boliviano, Bolzano, Carnot, chicano, guano, Kano, llano, Locarno, Lugano, Marciano, Marrano, meccano, oregano, Pisano, poblano, Romano, siciliano, soprano, SukarnoRenault, steno, tenno •techno • Fresno • Pernod •ripieno, volcano •albino, bambino, beano, Borodino, Borsalino, cappuccino, casino, chino, Comino, concertino, Filipino, fino, Gino, keno, Ladino, Latino, Leno, maraschino, merino, Monte Cassino, Navarino, neutrino, Pacino, palomino, pecorino, Reno, San Marino, Sansovino, Torino, Trevino, Valentino, vino, Zenominnow, winnow •Llandudno • Gobineau • domino •Martineau •lino, rhino, wino •tonneau • Grodno •Livorno, porno •Mezzogiorno •cui bono?, kimono, Mono, no-no, phono •Bruno, Gounod, Juneau, Juno, Uno •Huguenot • pompano •Brno, inferno, journo, Salerno, Sterno

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