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Yaroslavl (Jaroslavl’) City and river port on the Volga, w central Russia; capital of Yaroslavl oblast. The oldest town on the Volga (founded 1010 by Yaroslavl the Great), it was capital of Yaroslavl principality when absorbed by Moscow in 1463. From March to July 1612 it served as Russia's capital. It boasts many historic buildings. Yaroslavl is a major rail junction. Industries: linen, diesel engines, construction equipment, oil refining, petrochemicals, plastics. Pop. (2002 est.) 611,300.