YARMOLINSKY, AVRAHM (Abraham ; 1890–1975), U.S. literary scholar and biographer. Born in the Ukraine, Yarmolinsky immigrated to the U.S. in 1913. He was head of the Slavonic division of the New York Library (1918–55) and was active in stimulating Slavonic research.
His major works include Turgenev: The Man, His Art, and His Age (1926); Dostoevsky, A Life (1934; republished in 1957 as Dostoevsky, His Life and Art); and Literature under Communism (1969), a study of literary policy under Stalin after World War ii. He translated (with his wife Babbette *Deutsch) Modern Russian Poetry (1921), Contemporary German Poetry (1923), and Russian Poetry (1927). Yarmolinsky's Jewish interests were reflected in his study, The Jews and Other Minor Nationalities Under the Soviets (1928). He also wrote Road to Revolution (1957) and edited an Anthology of Russian Verse, 1812 – 1960 (1962).
S.J. Kunitz (ed.), Twentieth Century Authors, first supplement (1955); H.M. Lyndenberg, in: New York Public Library Bulletin, 59 (March 1955), 107–32, list of works; R. Yachnin, ibid., 72 (June 1968), 414–9, list of works 1955–67.