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Greenwich (borough, Greater London, England)

Greenwich (grĬn´īj, grĕn´–), inner borough (1991 pop. 200,800) of Greater London, SE England, on the Thames River. The borough, which is treated as an outer borough for statistical purposes, includes most of Woolwich, which was merged with Greenwich in 1965; North Woolwich, on the north side of the Thames, was incorporated into Newham. In 2012 Greenwich became a royal borough. Manufactures include telephone equipment and underwater cable. The system of geographic longitude and time-keeping worked out at the famous Royal Observatory there have become standard in most countries of the world; the prime meridian, or long. 0°, passes through the observatory. The functions of the observatory were transferred to Herstmonceux, Sussex in 1946, and later to Cambridge (1990). Greenwich has nearly 9 mi (14.5 km) of river frontage; the huge Millennium Dome, constructed to celebrate the year 2000, is on the waterfront. Woolwich's docks and shipbuilding facilities were important from the 16th to the mid-19th cent. The Royal Naval College is in the borough. The college building, partially designed by Christopher Wren, was originally a home for disabled sailors. On the site of the present structure (begun in the late 17th cent.) stood a palace that was the birthplace of Henry VIII, Mary I, and Elizabeth I; Edward VI died there. Greenwich's National Maritime Museum is partly housed in a building designed by Inigo Jones for Anne of Denmark. The Royal Military Academy was at Woolwich until 1947, when it merged with the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. Both Greenwich and Woolwich are mentioned in documents dating from the 10th cent. and appear in the Domesday Book.

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Greenwich (town, United States)

Greenwich (grĕn´Ĭch), residential town (1990 pop. 58,441), Fairfield co., SW Conn., on the Mianus and Byram rivers and Long Island Sound; settled 1640, inc. 1955. This attractive suburban community is noted as the home of many New York City executives. The town is located near an active and growing business community and contains many corporate headquarters. Greenwich was long inhabited by farmers and oystermen. In the American Revolution it was plundered (1779) by the British; a house (built 1731) from which Gen. Israel Putnam supposedly made a dramatic escape is still preserved. In the late 19th cent., Greenwich began to attract artists and summer residents. Comprised of numerous villages (including Greenwich, Riverside, Quaker Ridge, Old Greenwich, and Cos Cob), it has over 32 mi (52 km) of shoreline on Long Island Sound, with many harbors, beaches, and small islands. Of interest are the Bruce Museum and the Audubon Center.

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Greenwich

Greenwich1 a London borough on the south bank of the Thames, the original site of the Royal Greenwich Observatory. The buildings at Greenwich, together with many of the old instruments, now form part of the National Maritime Museum, and reclaimed land at Greenwich forms the site of the Millennium Dome.
Greenwich Mean Time the mean solar time at the Greenwich meridian, adopted as the standard time in a zone that includes the British Isles.
Greenwich meridian the prime meridian, which passes through the former Royal Observatory at Greenwich. It was adopted internationally as the zero of longitude in 1884.

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Greenwich

Greenwich Borough in se London, England. The former Royal Observatory (founded 1675) is in Greenwich Park. The prime meridian forms the basis of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Greenwich has a rich maritime history. The Royal Naval College, partly designed (1696) by Sir Christopher Wren, stands on the site of a Tudor royal palace, birthplace of Henry VIII. The Millennium Dome was built here to celebrate the dawning of the third millennium. Pop. (1997 est.) 215,300.

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Greenwich

Greenwichbewitch, bitch, ditch, enrich, fitch, flitch, glitch, hitch, itch, kitsch, Mitch, pitch, quitch, rich, snitch, stitch, switch, titch, twitch, which, witch •Redditch • Greenwich • eldritch •ostrich • backstitch • hemstitch •topstitch • Shostakovich • tsarevich •Sandwich •dipswitch, Ipswich

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