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Jewish Colonization Association

JEWISH COLONIZATION ASSOCIATION

Philanthropic organization (also known as the ICA and the PICA, or Palestine Jewish Colonization Association) founded in 1891.

Baron Maurice de Hirsch founded the ICA to assist Jews in Europe and Asia to flee persecution and go to countries in the Western Hemisphere. He initially endowed it with $10 million as a joint stock company, and the amount was eventually increased fourfold. The ICA assisted Jews by establishing agricultural settlements; most of these were in Argentina but there were also some in Brazil. It also helped Jewish farmers in Canada and the United States and provided assistance to Jews who were still living in Russia and the newly created states of Eastern Europe after World War I. In Palestine, the ICA took over the support and consolidation of colonies Baron Edmond de Rothschild had created.

Since Israeli statehood, the ICA has helped support settlements as well as research and training in agriculture. It also works with the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society and the Joint Distribution Committee in providing relief aid.

see also joint distribution committee.

Bibliography


Winsberg, Morton D. Colonia Baron Hirsch: A Jewish Agricultural Colony in Argentina. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1964.

bryan daves

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Ica

Ica (ē´kä), city (1993 pop. 108,724), capital of Ica region, SW Peru, on the Pan-American Highway. It is a commercial center for the cotton, wool, and wine produced in the region. There are several summer resorts nearby. Ica is also the archaeological name of the Chincha empire of ancient Peru, which had one of its major centers in the adjacent valley. The empire fell to the Inca in the 15th cent. The Spanish settled the city in 1563. In Ica is the shrine of Our Lord of Luren, the site of colorful pilgrimages. The city has been devastated by earthquakes several times, most recently in 2007. It has a museum and a university.

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Içá

Içá, river, Brazil: see Putumayo.

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ICA

ICA ignition control additive (for motor vehicles)
• Industrial Caterers' Association
• Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales
• Institute of Contemporary Arts
• Med. internal carotid artery
• International Cartographic Association
• International Chefs' Association
• International Coffee Agreement
• International Colour Authority
• International Commercial Arbitration
• International Commission on Acoustics
• International Commodity Agreement
• International Cooperation Administration
• International Cooperative Alliance
• International Council on Archives
• International Court of Arbitration
• International Cyclist Association
• invalid care allowance

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