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Crompton, Samuel

Samuel Crompton, 1753–1827, English inventor of the mule spinner, or muslin wheel, an important step in the development of fine cotton spinning. Working as a young man in a spinning mill, he knew the defects of the Hargreaves jenny and determined to produce something better. After five years of secret work, he perfected (1779) a machine that combined the features of the jenny and Arkwright's frame and that, in one operation, by drawing, twisting, and winding the cotton, produced a very fine yarn. Crompton, however, was too poor to obtain a patent for his invention and sold his rights for £60. Later Parliament granted him £5,000.

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Crompton, Samuel

Crompton, Samuel (1753–1827). Inventor. One of the men who revolutionized the Lancashire textiles industry, Crompton was born near Bolton. His ‘spinning mule’, invented in 1779, improved upon Hargreaves's jenny. It was a cross between the jenny and Arkwright's water frame and produced yarn of high quality, particularly suited to muslins. Like many inventors, Crompton made little out of his discovery and his business ventures failed. He was however given a public grant of £5,000 in 1812.

J. A. Cannon

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Crompton, Samuel

Crompton, Samuel (1753–1827) English inventor of a spinning machine. His ‘spinning mule’ of 1779 proved a boon to the textile industry reducing the amount of thread-breakage and made possible the production of very fine yarn.

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