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Benedict XV

Benedict XV, 1854–1922, pope (1914–22), an Italian (b. Genoa) named Giacomo della Chiesa; successor of Pius X. He was made archbishop of Bologna in 1907 and cardinal in 1914, two months before his election as pope. His policy in World War I was one of the strictest neutrality, and he had the respect of all belligerents. He originated several proposals for peace. Benedict was charitable toward war victims, and he founded the Vatican service for prisoners of war. During his pontificate France and England resumed diplomatic relations with the Holy See and he promulgated (1917) the Code of Canon Law (Codex iuris canonici). He was succeeded by Pius XI.

See biography by W. H. Peters (1959).

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Benedict XV

Benedict XV (1854–1922). Pope from 3 Sept. 1914. His pontificate was dominated by the First World War: the first of Benedict's twelve encyclicals dealt with peace, and he was deeply distressed by the failure of his 1917 peace initiative. He speeded the publication of the first code of canon law, and worked for an understanding between the Holy See and the kingdom of Italy.

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Benedict XV

Benedict XV (1854–22) Pope (1914–22), b. Giacomo della Chiesa. During World War I, Benedict strove for peace among nations, stressing pacifist idealism. He tried to unite all Roman Catholics, made changes in the Curia, and published a new Code of Canon Law.

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