Benedict VII, Pope
BENEDICT VII, POPE
Pontificate: Oct. 974 to July 10, 983. Benedict was a Roman and former bishop of Sutri. He was chosen as pope by the emperor otto ii. At his election, the antipope, Boniface VII (Franco), fled to Constantinople. Working in harmony with the emperor, Benedict granted many privileges to the churches and monasteries of Germany and concerned himself with the conversion of the slavs. But his decision to suppress the German See of Merseburg (981) was a setback in the conversion of Central Europe. Benedict published a strongly worded condemnation of simony (981). He allowed St. majolus of cluny to place his monastery under the special protection of the Holy See and granted the same privilege to the Abbey of saintvalÉry, recently founded by Hugh Capet. This practice later became more common and prepared the way for the reform movement of the 11th century.
See Also: cluniac reform; gregorian reform.
Bibliography: p. jaffÉ, Regesta pontificum romanorum ab condita ecclesia ad annum post Christum natum 1198 (Graz 1956) 1:402–443, 2:707. Liber pontificalis, ed. l. duchesne (Paris 1886–1958) 2:258. h. k. mann, The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages from 590 to 1304 (London 1902–32) 4:315–329. f. balx, Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques, ed. a. baudrillart et al. (Paris 1912) 8:43–61. g. schwaiger, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner (Freiburg 1957–65) 2:174–175. m. de waha, "Sigebert de Gembloux faussaire? Le chroniqueur et les 'sources anciennes' de son abbaye," Revue Belge de Philogie et d'Histoire 55 (Bruxelles 1977) 989–1036. f. ronig, "Erzbischof Egbert von Trier (977–993)," Trierer Theologische Zeitschrift (1994) 81–91. g. wolf, "Das Marienkloster zu Memleben, "Archiv für Diplomatik, Schriftgeschichte, Siegelkunde und Wappenkunde (1995) 21–30. j. n. d. kelly, Oxford Dictionary of Popes (New York 1986) 131–132.
"Benedict VII, Pope." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/benedict-vii-pope
"Benedict VII, Pope." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/benedict-vii-pope
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.