Benedict VII, Pope

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Pontificate: Oct. 974 to July 10, 983. Benedict was a Roman and former bishop of Sutri. He was chosen as pope by the emperor otto ii. At his election, the antipope, Boniface VII (Franco), fled to Constantinople. Working in harmony with the emperor, Benedict granted many privileges to the churches and monasteries of Germany and concerned himself with the conversion of the slavs. But his decision to suppress the German See of Merseburg (981) was a setback in the conversion of Central Europe. Benedict published a strongly worded condemnation of simony (981). He allowed St. majolus of cluny to place his monastery under the special protection of the Holy See and granted the same privilege to the Abbey of saintvalÉry, recently founded by Hugh Capet. This practice later became more common and prepared the way for the reform movement of the 11th century.

See Also: cluniac reform; gregorian reform.

Bibliography: p. jaffÉ, Regesta pontificum romanorum ab condita ecclesia ad annum post Christum natum 1198 (Graz 1956) 1:402443, 2:707. Liber pontificalis, ed. l. duchesne (Paris 18861958) 2:258. h. k. mann, The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages from 590 to 1304 (London 190232) 4:315329. f. balx, Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques, ed. a. baudrillart et al. (Paris 1912) 8:4361. g. schwaiger, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner (Freiburg 195765) 2:174175. m. de waha, "Sigebert de Gembloux faussaire? Le chroniqueur et les 'sources anciennes' de son abbaye," Revue Belge de Philogie et d'Histoire 55 (Bruxelles 1977) 9891036. f. ronig, "Erzbischof Egbert von Trier (977993)," Trierer Theologische Zeitschrift (1994) 8191. g. wolf, "Das Marienkloster zu Memleben, "Archiv für Diplomatik, Schriftgeschichte, Siegelkunde und Wappenkunde (1995) 2130. j. n. d. kelly, Oxford Dictionary of Popes (New York 1986) 131132.

[s. mckenna]