Skip to main content

Benedict of Benevento, St.


Missionary and martyr; b. Benevento, Italy; d. near Gniezno, Poland, May 11, 1003. He was the leader of the five massacred brothershimself, John, Isaac, Matthew, and Christian. Benedict had been a monk of San Salvatore in Calabria, and he later took up the life of a hermit. In 1001 he was persuaded by Bruno of Querfurt, who was eventually his biographer, to become a missionary in Poland. He and his companion John were well received by the duke, Boleslav I (d. 1025), who built a hermitage for them. Their work prospered, and they were joined by people of the district, among them Isaac, Matthew, and Christian. On a rumor that the duke had given them a great treasure, they were murdered one night by a former servant and his accomplices. They were buried in their hermitage, and the site soon became a center of pilgrimage. The cult of this group that is sometimes misleadingly called "the Five Polish Brothers" was popular in the Polish Church from an early date and was confirmed by Pope Julius II in 1508.

Feast: Nov. 12.

Bibliography: bruno of querfurt, Vita quinque fratrum, ed. r. kale in Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Scriptores (Berlin 1826) 15.2:709738. m. baronius, Vitae gesta et miracula sanctorum quinque fratrum (Cracow 1610). j. david, Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques, ed. a. baudrillart et al. (Paris 1912) 8:35. a. m. zimmermann, Kalendarium Benedictinum, (Metten 193338) 3:291294.

[j. l. grassi]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Benedict of Benevento, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 18 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Benedict of Benevento, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (February 18, 2019).

"Benedict of Benevento, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.