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Glière Reinhold (Moritsovich)

Glière Reinhold (Moritsovich) [ Reinhold Glier] (b Kiev, 1875; d Moscow, 1956). Russ. composer and conductor. Dir. and prof. of comp., Kiev Cons. 1913–20, then taught at Moscow Cons. His ballet The Red Poppy was one of first ‘social realism’ works of Soviet régime. The conservative-nationalist nature of his idiom was much to liking of official party arbiters of taste. Works included 3 syms.; 4 str. qts.; March of the Red Army, wind instrs. (1924); operas Shakh Senem (1923–5) and Rachel (1943); ballets The Red Poppy (1926–7, rev. 1949) and The Bronze Horseman (1948–9); hp. conc. (1938); vc. conc. (1945–6); 123 songs; 175 pf. pieces; and much chamber mus.

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Glière, Reinhold Moritzovich

Reinhold Moritzovich Glière (rīn´hōlt mōrētsô´vĬch glēĕr´), 1875–1956, Russian composer. Among his pupils were Prokofiev, Miaskovsky, and Khachaturian. His compositions, generally nationalistic with romantic and impressionistic elements, show the influence of Russian folk melodies that he collected in Europe and Asia. His best-known works are the ballet The Red Poppy (1927) and his Third Symphony (Ilya Mourometz, 1909–11).

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