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Reinóis, Portuguese-born residents of Brazil. Corresponding to the peninsulares in the Spanish colonies, the reinóis maintained their loyalty to the crown and filled high-level positions above that of the municipality. They also dominated the hierarchy of the Catholic Church and, as powerful merchants, they controlled international trade. Resentment against their political and economic prerogatives fueled Brazilian nationalism in the early nineteenth century.

See alsoPeninsular .


Additional Bibliography

Diffie, Bailey W. and Edwin J Perkins. A History of Colonial Brazil, 1500–1792. Malabar: R.E. Krieger Pub. Co., 1987.

Furtado, Joaci Pereira and Cecília de Lara. O viver em colônia: Cultura e sociedade no Brasil colonial. São Paulo: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros, 1999.

Russell-Wood, A. J. R. Society and Government in Colonial Brazil, 1500–1822. Brookfield, VT: Variorum, 1992.

                                       Sheila L. Hooker