Reinhard, Kurt , German ethnomusicologist; b. Giessen, Aug. 27, 1914; d. Wetzlar, July 18, 1979. He studied musicology and composition in Cologne (1933–35), and musicology and ethnology at the univs. in Leipzig and Munich under Huber, Ficker, and Ubbelohdé-Doering (1935–36); received a doctorate with a diss. on Burmese music (1938). He worked at the Staatliche Musikinstrumentensammlung in Berlin, then was director of the Berliner Phonogramm-Archiv (1948–68) and head of the dept. of music pedagogy at the Peterson Cons. (1947–52). In 1948 he began teaching at the Free Univ. in Berlin, where he completed a Habilitation on organology (1950); subsequently became prof. and head of the ethnomusicology dept. there (1957). His most important research focused on the folk and art music of Turkey.
Die Musik exotischer VÖlker (Berlin, 1951); Chinesische Musik (Kassel, 1956); Türkische Musik (Berlin, 1962); Einführung in die Musikethnologie (WÖlfenbuttel, 1968).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire