Public concerts for an audience of subscribers began in Frankfurt, Ger., in 1712 and in Hamburg in 1721. What were to become the Leipzig Gewandhaus concerts were founded by 16 businessmen meeting in an inn in 1743 (much as Manchester's concerts began in the 1770s when a group of flautists met regularly in a tavern, hence the ‘Gentlemen's Concerts’). The Concert Spirituel was founded in Paris, 1725, but ‘progressive’ works were given at the Concert des Amateurs, cond. Gossec, which in 1780 became the Concert de la Loge Olympique (because the venue was also a Masonic Lodge). In 1786 this organization commissioned 6 syms.—the ‘Paris’ syms.—from Haydn. In Vienna there was so much mus. in private houses or in the ths. that no regular concerts were given until 1782 (in the open air: Mozart played at them).
con·cert • n. / ˈkänˌsərt; ˈkänsərt/ 1. a musical performance given in public, typically by several performers or of several separate compositions: symphony concerts | [as adj.] a concert pianist. ∎ [as adj.] of, relating to, or denoting the performance of music written for opera, ballet, or theater on its own without the accompanying dramatic action: the concert version of the fourth interlude from the opera. 2. formal agreement, accordance, or harmony.• v. / kənˈsərt/ [tr.] formal arrange (something) by mutual agreement or coordination.PHRASES: in concert1. acting jointly: he made his decision in concert with his son.2. (of music or a performer) giving a public performance; live.ORIGIN: late 16th cent. (in the sense ‘unite, cause to agree’): from French concerter, from Italian concertare ‘harmonize.’ The noun use, dating from the early 17th cent. (in the sense ‘a combination of voices or sounds’), is from French concert, from Italian concerto, from concertare.
a harmony of sounds, things, or persons; a set of instruments; an agreement.
Examples: concert of angels, 1727; of terrific vociferation; of trumpets, 1674; of voices and instruments, 1732; of Europe [agreement of power on the Eastern Question]; cat’s concert [caterwauling, hence any hideous combination of sounds]; Dutch concert [in which each performer plays a different tune].