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concert

concert. A perf. of mus. in public by a fairly substantial no. of performers (but not a stage performance or as part of a religious service). A perf. by 1 or 2 performers is usually called a recital. A pre-requisite of concerts, except on certain special occasions, is that people should pay to attend them, and this seems to have begun in England in the middle of the 17th cent. Historians point to the Whitefriars concerts arr. by John Banister in 1672 as the ‘first’ in Eng., but perhaps that is only because we have a printed record of them. Thomas Britton also financed concerts in Clerkenwell 1678–1714. More important were the Bach–Abel concerts which began in Spring Gardens, London, in 1764. With the opening of the Hanover Square Rooms in 1775 the way was open for such major events as Haydn's concerts on his 2 visits to London. Thereafter concerts became an accepted way of life. The Phil. Soc. was founded 1813, and in several provincial cities concert socs. were formed. Other developments incl. the Promenade Concerts, so called because people could stand or walk about at them, which originated in the 18th-cent. pleasure gardens, but found their most abiding form in 1895 when Henry Wood began his famous series at Queen's Hall and which, under BBC sponsorship, are still held from mid-July to mid-Sept. in the Royal Albert Hall, London.

Public concerts for an audience of subscribers began in Frankfurt, Ger., in 1712 and in Hamburg in 1721. What were to become the Leipzig Gewandhaus concerts were founded by 16 businessmen meeting in an inn in 1743 (much as Manchester's concerts began in the 1770s when a group of flautists met regularly in a tavern, hence the ‘Gentlemen's Concerts’). The Concert Spirituel was founded in Paris, 1725, but ‘progressive’ works were given at the Concert des Amateurs, cond. Gossec, which in 1780 became the Concert de la Loge Olympique (because the venue was also a Masonic Lodge). In 1786 this organization commissioned 6 syms.—the ‘Paris’ syms.—from Haydn. In Vienna there was so much mus. in private houses or in the ths. that no regular concerts were given until 1782 (in the open air: Mozart played at them).

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concert

con·cert • n. / ˈkänˌsərt; ˈkänsərt/ 1. a musical performance given in public, typically by several performers or of several separate compositions: symphony concerts | [as adj.] a concert pianist. ∎  [as adj.] of, relating to, or denoting the performance of music written for opera, ballet, or theater on its own without the accompanying dramatic action: the concert version of the fourth interlude from the opera. 2. formal agreement, accordance, or harmony. • v. / kənˈsərt/ [tr.] formal arrange (something) by mutual agreement or coordination. PHRASES: in concert 1. acting jointly: he made his decision in concert with his son. 2. (of music or a performer) giving a public performance; live. ORIGIN: late 16th cent. (in the sense ‘unite, cause to agree’): from French concerter, from Italian concertare ‘harmonize.’ The noun use, dating from the early 17th cent. (in the sense ‘a combination of voices or sounds’), is from French concert, from Italian concerto, from concertare.

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concert

concert, in music, public performance of a group of musical compositions. Originally the word referred simply to a group of musicians playing together; concerts by a solo performer are properly called recitals. The earliest recorded public concerts were organized by a London violinist, John Banister, in 1672. Many orchestral concerts were given in the 18th cent., and early in the 19th cent., which saw great development of concert life; public concerts of chamber music were often given. In the American colonies, the first concert on record took place in Boston in 1731.

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Concert

Concert

a harmony of sounds, things, or persons; a set of instruments; an agreement.

Examples: concert of angels, 1727; of terrific vociferation; of trumpets, 1674; of voices and instruments, 1732; of Europe [agreement of power on the Eastern Question]; cats concert [caterwauling, hence any hideous combination of sounds]; Dutch concert [in which each performer plays a different tune].

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concert

concert 2 †unite XVI; arrange by agreement XVII. — F. concerter — It. concertare bring into agreement or harmony, of obscure orig.

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concert

concert 1 harmony; musical performance. XVII. — F. — It. CONCERTO.

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concert

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