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fauvism

fauvism (fō´vĬzəm) [Fr. fauve=wild beast], name derisively hurled at and cheerfully adopted by a group of French painters, including Matisse, Rouault, Derain, Vlaminck, Friesz, Marquet, van Dongen, Braque, and Dufy. Although fauvism was a short-lived movement (1905–8), its influence was international and basic to the evolution of 20th-century art. It was essentially an expressionist style, characterized by bold distortion of forms and exuberant color. Only Matisse continued to explore its possibilities after 1908. Most of the others contributed to the development of new styles, such as cubism, which immediately followed the fauvist movement.

See J. P. Crespelle, The Fauves (tr. 1962); J. É. Muller, Fauvism (1967); S. Whitfield, Fauvism (1990).

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fauvism

fauvism a short-lived but influential style of painting with vivid expressionistic and non-naturalistic use of colour that flourished in Paris from 1905.

The name comes from French fauvisme, from fauve ‘wild beast’. The name originated from a remark of the French art critic Louis Vauxcelles at the Salon of 1905; coming across a quattrocento-style statue in the midst of works by Matisse and his associates, he is reputed to have said, ‘Donatello au milieu des fauves!’ (‘Donatello among the wild beasts’).

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fauvism

fauvism Expressionist style based on extremely vivid non-naturalistic colours. Matisse was the leading figure and, with Signac and André Derain, exhibited at the Salon d'Automne (1905). A critic described their work as something produced by wild animals (Fr. fauves). Other members included Albert Marquet, George Rouault, Vlaminck, and Braque. Although fauvism was short-lived, its influence on expressionism was profound.

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Fauvism

Fauv·ism / ˈfōˌvizəm/ (also fauv·ism) • n. a style of painting with vivid expressionistic use of color that flourished in Paris from 1905 and, although short-lived, had an important influence on subsequent artists. Matisse was regarded as the movement's leading figure. DERIVATIVES: fauv·ist n. & adj.

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fauvism

fauvism style of painting with vivid use of colour. XX. — F. fauvisme, f. fauve wild (beast); see -ISM.

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