frieze

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frieze.
1. Horizontal central band of a Classical entablature below the cornice and over the architrave, occasionally omitted in the Greek Ionic Order. It is a flat unornamented band in the Tuscan Order; it is broken up into metopes and triglyphs in the Doric Order; and is plain or enriched with sculptured reliefs in the Ionic, Corinthian, and Composite Orders. It can have a convex profile (i.e. be pulvinated), usually in variations of the Ionic and Composite orders.

2. Hypotrachelion of some Ionic Orders resembling a frieze under the capital.

3. Strip or band under the cornice of an internal wall over the picture-rail.

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frieze1 / frēz/ • n. a broad horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration, esp. on a wall near the ceiling. ∎  a horizontal paper strip mounted on a wall to give a similar effect. ∎  Archit. the part of an entablature between the architrave and the cornice. frieze2 • n. heavy, coarse woolen cloth with a nap, usually on one side only.

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frieze, in architecture, the member of an entablature between the architrave and the cornice or any horizontal band used for decorative purposes. In the first type the Doric frieze alternates the metope and the triglyph; that of the other orders is plain or sculptured. The 5th-century BC treasury of the Cnidians at Delphi shows figures in the frieze. Roman and Renaissance examples, a notable one being on the 1st-century BC temple of Vesta at Tivoli, display acanthus leaves and other ornamentation.

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frieze2 (archit.) member of entablature between architrave and cornice. XVI. — F. frise — medL. frisium, var. of frigium, for L. Phrygium (sc. opus) Phrygian work.

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frieze1 coarse woollen cloth with a nap. XV. — F. frise — medL. *(lāna) frīsia Frisian wool.