entablature

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entablature. In Classical Orders the entire horizontal mass of material carried on columns and pilasters above the abaci. Normally it consists of three main horizontal divisions, the architrave (essentially the lintel spanning between the columns), the frieze (occasionally elided (omitted), as in certain examples of the Ionic Order, especially Hellenistic versions), and cornice. An entablature on the top of an astylar (without columns or pilasters) façade, as in a Florentine Renaissance palazzo, is called cornicione. Entablatures are also found at the tops of Classical rooms, between ceiling and wall.

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entablature (ĕntăb´ləchŏŏr), the entire unit of horizontal members above the columns or pilasters in classical architecture—Greek, Roman or Renaissance. The height of the entablature in relation to the column supporting it varies with the three orders, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian, but in Roman and Renaissance interpretations it is generally about one fourth the column height. The entablature's component members are the architrave, which rests directly upon the abacus, or top member of the column cap; the frieze; and the cornice, or topmost member. Essentially the entablature is a development from the primitive lintel, which spans two posts and supports the ends of the roof rafters. In Renaissance and modern designs the entablature is also used upon a wall as the crowning member or as a horizontal band, irrespective of columns.

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en·tab·la·ture / enˈtabləchər; -ˌchoŏr/ • n. Archit. a horizontal, continuous lintel on a classical building supported by columns or a wall, comprising the architrave, frieze, and cornice.

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entablature An irregular arrangement of columnar jointing that lies above a colonnade in a thick lava flow.

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entablature (archit.) part of an order above the column XVII. — (partly through F. entablement) It. intavolatura boarding, f. intavolare board up, f. in EN-1 + tavola TABLE.