Skip to main content

hypotrachelion(um)

hypotrachelion(um). In Classical architecture, a member or part between the capital proper and the shaft of an Order, meaning literally ‘below the neck’ or the ‘lower part of the neck’. Its exact meaning seems to have varied slightly according to the source consulted or the Order used. Vitruvius appears to suggest it refers to the apophyge, but Renaissance commentators on Vitruvius, while accepting the apophyge/apophysis connection, also apply it to the lower part of the capital between the astragal and the echinus, so it meant the frieze-like collarino, gorgerin, or neck of the Tuscan, Roman Doric, and Greek Ionic (Erechtheion) Orders. In the Greek Doric Order it meant the horizontal grooves, reeds, or fillets encircling the column, the part of the column above, with flutes, terminating in the annulets under the echinus being the trachelion(um). However, in certain archaic Greek Doric Orders (e.g. the C6 BC ‘Basilica’ at Paestum) the hollow ‘necklace’ of vertical stylized leaf-like forms is defined as the hypotrachelion(um).

Bibliography

J. Curl (2001);
Dinsmoor (1950)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"hypotrachelion(um)." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"hypotrachelion(um)." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/hypotrachelionum

"hypotrachelion(um)." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved October 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/hypotrachelionum

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.