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Salaverry, Felipe Santiago (1805–1836)

Felipe Santiago Salaverry (b. 6 March 1805; d. 18 February 1836), Conservative caudillo who became president of Peru (1835–1836). A participant in the final battles against the Spanish in 1824, Salaverry, a native of Lima, was promoted to general by President Luis José Orbegoso in 1834. In February 1835, however, the twenty-nine-year-old Salaverry denounced the government of the Liberal Orbegoso and took power in Lima. By the middle of the year, he had allied with Agustín Gamarra against General Andrés de Santa Cruz and Orbegoso, who still claimed the presidency. Salaverry imposed an authoritarian government that gained broad support in Lima and along the coast. In February 1836, his forces finally squared off against those of Santa Cruz. Salaverry was taken prisoner in the battle of Socabaya and, in an unusual action for the period, was executed at Arequipa, setting the stage for the Peru-Bolivia Confederation.

See alsoGamarra, Agustín .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Manuel Bilbao, Historia del General Salaverry, 3d ed. (1936).

Fredrick B. Pike, The Modern History of Peru (1967), pp. 76-81.

Jorge Basadre, Historia de la República del Perú, 7th ed., vol. 2 (1983), pp. 27-51.

Additional Bibliography

Guerra, Margarita. Felipe Santiago Salaverry. Lima: Editorial Brasa, 1996.

                                      Charles F. Walker

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Salaverry, Felipe Santiago (1805–1836)

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