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Salazar, Matías (1828–1872)

Salazar, Matías (1828–1872)

Matías Salazar (b. 1828; d. 17 May 1872), Venezuelan caudillo. Salazar participated in the Federal War (1859–1863) as a military chief of the central region. After the Federalist triumph he fought in several local armed controversies. When President Juan Crisóstomo Falcón was deposed in 1868, Salazar joined the April Revolution of 1870 led by Antonio Guzmán Blanco, becoming an important military leader for Yellow Liberalism, second only to Guzmán. When Guzmán took control of the government, Salazar was named second appointee to the presidency of the republic and later president of the state of Carabobo. He gradually distanced himself from Guzmán and organized a conspiracy against the government but was discovered and expelled from the country. From abroad Salazar instigated a new armed movement in 1872. He was defeated, tried by the War Council, convicted of treason, and sentenced to death by firing squad.

See alsoFederal War (Venezuela 1859–1863); Guzmán Blanco, Antonio Leocadio.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Felipe Larrazábal, Asesinato del General Salazar (1873), and José Carrillo Moreno, Matías Salazar, historia venezolana (1954).

Additional Bibliography

Barnola Q., Isaías. Matías Salazar: Un caudillo del siglo XIX venezolano. Caracas: Fundarte, Alcaldía de Caracas, 1993.

                                            InÉs Quintero

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