Porfiriato, a term used to designate the period of Porfirio Díaz's presidency. Díaz came to power in 1876 but was succeeded by Manuel González (1880–1884). The Porfiriato refers generally to the period from 1876 until his fall in 1911, but especially to the successive administrations from 1884 to 1911. It has come to symbolize the dominance of a single, strong figure, political order and stability, centralized authority, a period during which Mexico achieved considerable (but badly distributed) economic growth, and an era of serious social ills, ranging from child labor to peasant indebtedness and exploitation. The Porfiriato sums up those ills—social, economic, and political—that produced the 1910 Revolution.
Daniel Cosío Villegas, Historia moderna de México, 8 vols. (1955–1972).
Thomas Benjamin and Marcial Ocasio-Meléndez, "Organizing the Memory of Modern Mexico: Porfirian Historiography in Perspective, 1880s–1890s," in Hispanic American Historical Review 64 (1984): 323-364.
Tenorio Trillo, Mauricio, and Aurora Gómez Galvarriato. El porfiriato. México, D.F.: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2006.
Roderic Ai Camp