Skip to main content



Porkopolis is an old nickname for the city of Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1788 the area was marked out along the shores of the Ohio River as the village of Losantville. Over the next two decades numerous settlers made their way west in flatboats along the Ohio River. In 1811 steamboat service began on the Ohio River. By 1819 river trade had transformed the territory into a bustling center and the city was officially chartered as Cincinnati.

Cincinnati was perfectly situated on one of the region's major waterways, where it could readily receive raw materials and ship out finished goods. The construction of canals across the region connected natural waterways and made the city accessible from great distances. At its eastern end, the Ohio River extended to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Its western end ran into the Mississippi River, which extended to the busy port of New Orleans and, by ship, to the Atlantic coastal states.

Many farmers transported their livestock (particularly hogs) to Cincinnati for processing. As early as 1818 meat processors in Cincinnati had begun packing pork in brine-filled barrels. By the 1840s the city was home to numerous slaughterhouses and pork-packing plants. By 1850 Cincinnati had become the country's leading center for pork processing. The city's factories also made steamboat boilers, machine tools, railroad cars, and soap, but it became known as Porkopolis because of its most popular product of the time.

See also: Ohio

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Porkopolis." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. . 20 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Porkopolis." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. . (April 20, 2019).

"Porkopolis." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. . Retrieved April 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.