Marcha, a political, intellectual, and cultural weekly review, founded in Montevideo in 1939 by Carlos Quijano. By November 1974, when it was finally closed by Uruguay's military dictatorship, Marcha had published 1,676 issues, with a circulation reaching 30,000, and had established an international reputation for its vigorously independent and principled views. Reflecting the growing strength of anti-imperialist sentiment and disaffection with the traditional political parties in Uruguay during the 1960s, its editorials became increasingly confrontational, which assured its closure after the coup in 1973.
Throughout its history Marcha was central to the cultural and intellectual life of Uruguay, but in spite of the prestigious names who wrote for it, Marcha always remained closely identified with its founder. Quijano had been a member of the Independent Nationalist faction of the Blanco Party in the 1930s, in opposition to the Herrarists who had backed Gabriel Terra's coup in 1933. After 1938, Quijano took little part in party politics, abstaining until 1946 and abandoning his Blanco affiliation in 1958. His social-democratic convictions eventually led him to support the left-wing Frente Amplio coalition, formed to contest the 1971 elections. Quijano died in exile in 1984, as Uruguay negotiated its return to democracy.
See alsoUruguay: The Twentieth Century .
Hugo R. Alfaro, Navegar es necesario: Quijano y el sema-nario "Marcha" (1984).
Gerardo Caetano and José Pedro Rilla, El joven Quijano, 1900–1933 (1986).
Peirano Basso, Luisa. Marcha de Montevideo (2001).
Herrera, Nicolás. El pueblo desarmado: Uruguay 1970–1973: El testimonio de Marcha (2004).
"Marcha." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/marcha
"Marcha." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/marcha
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.