Marcha, a political, intellectual, and cultural weekly review, founded in Montevideo in 1939 by Carlos Quijano. By November 1974, when it was finally closed by Uruguay's military dictatorship, Marcha had published 1,676 issues, with a circulation reaching 30,000, and had established an international reputation for its vigorously independent and principled views. Reflecting the growing strength of anti-imperialist sentiment and disaffection with the traditional political parties in Uruguay during the 1960s, its editorials became increasingly confrontational, which assured its closure after the coup in 1973.
Throughout its history Marcha was central to the cultural and intellectual life of Uruguay, but in spite of the prestigious names who wrote for it, Marcha always remained closely identified with its founder. Quijano had been a member of the Independent Nationalist faction of the Blanco Party in the 1930s, in opposition to the Herrarists who had backed Gabriel Terra's coup in 1933. After 1938, Quijano took little part in party politics, abstaining until 1946 and abandoning his Blanco affiliation in 1958. His social-democratic convictions eventually led him to support the left-wing Frente Amplio coalition, formed to contest the 1971 elections. Quijano died in exile in 1984, as Uruguay negotiated its return to democracy.
See alsoUruguay: The Twentieth Century .
Hugo R. Alfaro, Navegar es necesario: Quijano y el sema-nario "Marcha" (1984).
Gerardo Caetano and José Pedro Rilla, El joven Quijano, 1900–1933 (1986).
Peirano Basso, Luisa. Marcha de Montevideo (2001).
Herrera, Nicolás. El pueblo desarmado: Uruguay 1970–1973: El testimonio de Marcha (2004).