Skip to main content

March, Peyton C.

March, Peyton C. (1864–1955), army chief of staff in World War I.A West Pointer (Class of 1888) and artillery officer, March won distinction in combat during the Spanish‐American War and the Philippine War. Later, he enhanced his reputation as a troop leader in battery and regimental commands and as an efficient staff officer through his service on the first General Staff and in the Adjutant General's Office. During World War I, after serving as chief of artillery in the American Expeditionary Force, he returned to become the army's chief of staff in the spring of 1918. His hard, coldly efficient dynamism galvanized army logistics during the remaining months of the war.

March's major achievement was the shipment of 1.75 million men to France in time to turn the tide to victory. In his remaining years in office, until 1921, he supervised the demobilization of the wartime army and the reorganization of the postwar army. As the nation's first strong wartime chief of staff, he developed a tense relationship with field commander Gen. John J. Pershing, but he laid the foundation for the future power of that office. In 1932, March published The Nation at War, an account of his and the General Staff's contributions in World War I.
[See also World War I: Military and Diplomatic Course; World War I: Postwar Impact.]


Edward M. Coffman , The Hilt of the Sword: The Career of Peyton C. March, 1966.

Edward M. Coffman

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"March, Peyton C.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . 19 Mar. 2019 <>.

"March, Peyton C.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . (March 19, 2019).

"March, Peyton C.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved March 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.