López Arellano, Oswaldo (1921–)
López Arellano, Oswaldo (1921–)
Oswaldo López Arellano was the dominant military officer in Honduras from 1957 until 1975. Born on June 30, 1921, in Danlí, López Arellano joined the armed services in 1939 and was schooled in military aviation in the United States. As commander of the armed forces beginning in 1956, he was installed as provisional president after the coup of October 3, 1963. This coup, carried out ten days before scheduled elections, reflected the Conservatives' and the military's displeasure with the prospect for a victory by the Liberal candidate, Modesto Rodas Alvarado. López continued as provisional president until a new constitution confirmed him as president in 1965. During his presidency the poor performance of the military in the war with El Salvador (1969) brought discredit on the armed services. López maintained a mild military dictatorship during his term, which continued until 1971. The National Party became his personal political vehicle.
In 1971 Ramón Ernesto Cruz was elected president, but López, as chief of the armed forces, remained in control. In 1972, López again seized power and acted as president until he was toppled by his fellow officers in 1975. At that time, he was charged with corruption in accepting a bribe from United Brands (formerly United Fruit) to obtain lower banana export taxes. López subsequently became the president of the now bankrupt national airline, Servicio Aereo de Honduras, S.A. (SAHSA). He is a retired businessman.
Raúl Alberto Domínguez, ed., Ascenso al poder y descenso del General Oswaldo López Arellano (1975).
James A. Morris, Honduras: Caudillo Politics and Military Rulers (1984).
Domínguez, Raúl Alberto. Ascenso al poder y descenso del General Oswaldo López Arellano. Tegucigalpa: Imprenta Calderón, 1975.
David L. Jickling
"López Arellano, Oswaldo (1921–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 23, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lopez-arellano-oswaldo-1921
"López Arellano, Oswaldo (1921–)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved April 23, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lopez-arellano-oswaldo-1921
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.