Skip to main content

Ciudad del Este

Ciudad del Este

Ciudad del Este, a city of 223,350 inhabitants (2002), is the capital of the department of Alto Paraná in Paraguay. Located in a corner of the country bordering on Paraguay, the Argentine province of Misiones, and the Brazilian state of Paraná, the city, originally Puerto Aguirre, turned into an important hub during the construction of the Itaipú Dam (1970–1984) and its hydroelectric complexes. Named Puerto Stroessner in those years, after the Paraguayan dictator General Alberto Stroessner, it became the second-largest urban center of Paraguay, after Asunción, by incorporating neighboring towns such as Hernandarias (64,074) and Puerto Presidente Franco (54,400).

The location of Ciudad del Este on the international route that connects southeastern Bolivia with Curitiba and Porto Alegre has contributed to turning this city into a smuggling post between Paraguay and Brazil and of cocaine between southern Bolivia and the large cities of São Paulo, Curitiba, Porto Alegre, and Florianapolis. Because of this negative reputation, many Argentine and Brazilian tourists visiting Lake Itaipú and the Iguazú Falls, both on the Paraná River, avoid Ciudad del Este.

See alsoParaguay: The Twentieth Century; Paraguay, Geography; Paraná River; Stroessner, Alfredo.


Lewis, Daniel K. A South American Frontier: The Tri-Border Region. New York: Chelsea House, 2006.

Ynstrand, Edgard L. Un giro geopolítico: El milagro de una ciudad. Asunción: Instituto Paraguayo de Estudios Geopolíticos e Internacionales, 1990.

                                         CÉsar N. Caviedes

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Ciudad del Este." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 15 Oct. 2018 <>.

"Ciudad del Este." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (October 15, 2018).

"Ciudad del Este." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved October 15, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.