ETHNONYMS: Banac, Nimi, Punnush
The Bannock are a Northern Paiute-speaking minority population among the Northern Shoshone, both of whom in the past lived in southern Idaho south of the Salmon River and extending eastward into northwestern Wyoming and southwestern Montana. Most now live with the Northern Shoshone on the Fort Hall Indian Reservation near Pocatello, Idaho. They apparently lived originally in northEastern Oregon, but migrated into the general region of the Snake River where they lived among the Shoshone speakers in peaceful cooperation. In the nineteenth century they were loosely organized in seminomadic bands. They had band chiefs who inherited office through the male line subject to community approval. They shared most of their culture traits with the Northern Shoshone. Their culture was basically Basin Shoshonean with an admixture of Plateau Indian and Plains Indian traits, such as the use of the horse and of bison-hunting parties. There were about 2,500 Bannock and Shoshone Indians living on the Fort Hall Reservation in 1980. It is not known what the population breakdown is.
See also Northern Shoshone
Madsen, Brigham D. (1958). The Bannock of Idaho. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Printers.
Murphy, Robert F., and Yolanda Murphy (1986). "Northern Shoshone and Bannock." In Handbook of North American Indians. Vol. 11, Great Basin, edited by Warren L. d'Azevedo, 284-307. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.
Bannock (băn´ək), Native North Americans who formerly ranged over wide territory of the N Great Plains and into the foothills of the Rocky Mts. They were concentrated in S Idaho. Their language belonged to the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). Their culture was typical of the Plains tribes (see under Natives, North American). In 1869, Fort Hall Reservation in Idaho was established for them and for the Northern Shoshone, with whom the Bannock were closely associated. Loss of hunting lands, disappearance of the buffalo, and lack of assistance from the U.S. government led to a Bannock uprising in 1878, which was suppressed. Most Bannock and the Northern Shoshone live at the Fort Hall Reservation. In 1990 there were about 3,500 Shoshone-Bannock in the United States.
See B. D. Madsen, The Bannock of Idaho (1958); R. F. Murphy, Shoshone-Bannock Subsistence and Society (1960).