views updated May 21 2018

Bannockburn Town and moor in central Scotland, scene of a Scottish victory over the English in 1314. The English army of Edward II, advancing on Stirling, was intercepted by Scottish troops under Robert I (the Bruce). The Scots held a dominant position above the Bannock burn, while the more heavily armed English floundered in swampy ground. Fighting began at dawn, and before noon the English survivors fled. Although conflict continued for many years, the victory secured Scottish independence from the English, who made no serious effort to regain territory in Scotland.

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