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Brétigny, Treaty of

Treaty of Brétigny (brātēnyē´), 1360, concluded by England and France at Brétigny, a village near Chartres, France. It marked a low point in French fortunes in the Hundred Years War. After John II of France, who had been captured (1356), was set free by the English at the price of 3 million gold crowns, he ceded to Edward III (without exacting feudal homage) Poitou, Aunis, Saintonge, Angoumois, Guienne, Gascony, Calais, and other territories. Edward then abandoned his claim to the French throne. The peace did not last, however, and by 1373 all but the Bordeaux district had been reconquered by Bertrand Du Guesclin.

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Brétigny, treaty of

Brétigny, treaty of, 1360. After the Black Prince's great victory at Poitiers in 1356, Edward III resumed campaigning in 1359. But though inflicting great damage he was unable to land a knock-out blow and negotiations commenced in May 1360 at Brétigny, near Chartres. King John's ransom was to be cut and, in exchange for abandoning his claim to the throne of France, Edward was to have Guînes and Aquitaine in full sovereignty. These sweeping gains could not be substantiated and, after John's death, Charles V of France continued to claim suzerainty. See also Calais, treaty of.

J. A. Cannon

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